SmartPowders Carnosine Powder 50 Grams
What is Carnosine?
Carnosine is a small molecule composed of the amino acids, histidine and alanine. It is found in relatively high concentrations in several body tissues—most notably in skeletal muscle, heart muscle, and brain.
The exact biological role of carnosine is not completely understood, but numerous animal studies have demonstrated that it possesses strong and specific antioxidant properties. Carnosine has been suggested to be the water-soluble counterpart to vitamin E in protecting cell membranes from oxidative damage. Other suggested roles for carnosine include actions as a neurotransmitter (chemical messenger in the nervous system), modulator of enzyme activities, and chelator of heavy metals (i.e., a substance that binds heavy metals, possibly reducing their toxicity).
What does it DO ??
Researchers are finding that it’s possible to block the increase of hydrogen ions, thus stabilizing pH levels and prolonging muscular activity. This is done by ‘buffers’ or compounds in muscles that bond to the hydrogen ions, eliminating their tendency to multiply acidity. As it turns out, for skeletal muscle, clinical trials are revealing the most effective of these buffers to be the di-peptide carnosine, or beta-alinine/histidine.
This is because carnosine possesses a pKa value of 6.83, which is very close to the body’s natural pH level of 7.0. Why is this important? The pKa value is closely linked to how much of the buffer compound can bond with the hydrogen ions. A buffer with a pKa of 7.0 would have only half of its capacity for bonding tied up with protons, leaving an ample 50 percent of its capacity available to bond with the hydrogen.
“Another way of looking at this is to imagine carnosine as a four-seated car with two people sitting in the front (hydrogen ions), leaving two seats empty in the back to pick up two more people (additional hydrogen ions). Therefore, the more carnosine in the muscle, the more H+ ions we can pick up.” (Dr. Mark Tallon holds a Ph.D. in Muscle Biochemistry from Southampton University in the U.K)
Carnosine For MASS
Like creatine, carnosine is concentrated in muscle tissue. It is most plentiful in white (fast-twitch) muscle fibers–the ones that get big in response to heavy lifting. Increasing carnosine levels may help improve muscle gains in the following ways.
The suggested dosage is one to one and a half grams of carnosine twice daily.. On workout days, take it around the time you train – one dose before and one after.
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